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Medications to reduce your cardiovascular risks

Here we will go over some examples of Cardio Vascular medications.

If you are at high risk for cardiovascular disease, you may already have been diagnosed with diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, and high blood cholesterol. Whilst changes in your diet and regular exercise is important, it may not always be enough. In these cases, your doctor may prescribe you medication to help. Here we will go over some examples of these medications.


Treatment for high blood pressure may be necessary if your blood pressure is higher than 140/90mmHg and you have already tried to make lifestyle changes, or if your blood pressure is over 160/100mmHg.

These medications might be diuretics or ACE inhibitors, which act on the kidneys to remove more fluid from the blood, or calcium channel blockers that act directly on blood vessels and cause relaxation. The type of medication can depend on your age, ethnicity, kidney function and other factors. If one medication is not sufficient its dose may be increased slowly, or other medications added gradually, until your blood pressure is managed.

These medications can have side effects, such as a dry cough, headaches, dizziness, feeling light headed, or going to the toilet frequently.


Statins are a group of medicines that can lower the level of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in the blood. LDL cholesterol is known as “bad cholesterol”, and it is increased in people who are overweight, have a sedentary lifestyle or have a poor diet rich in fatty food. It can accumulate in blood vessels, forming plaques that narrow the vessels.

Statins act to reduce its production in the liver. You can take these medications once a day, and they should be taken for life. For every 50 people who take statins for 5 years, one will avoid a serious event such as a heart attack or stroke. Most patients who take statins do not experience any side effects.



People who are at risk of diabetes are encouraged to first reduce their sugar intake and participate in the exercise. This helps reduce the risk of insulin resistance. If this is not sufficient in lowering your blood sugar, your doctor may start you on medication. There are multiple medications that help maintain your blood sugar.

Metformin is usually the first medication people are started on. It improves the action of insulin on the body and reduces the amount of sugar released by the liver. It usually has few side effects and does not cause weight gain, unlike most diabetic medications.

If metformin is not enough then other medications can include gliclazide, sulfonylureas, and florins. It is best to ask your doctor which medication is best for you.

Insulin is only started if several medications have been tried and your diabetes is still not maintained. It is very important to fully understand how insulin works, what type of insulin you are taking and how often you need to take it.



Aspirin is an everyday painkiller that can be used for common conditions including headache, toothache, and flu-like symptoms. They can often be brought over the counter without a prescription. Aspirin can also reduce your risk of blood clots forming, clots that can block the arteries in your heart or brain. Your doctor may start you on aspirin if you have had a previous heart attack or stroke, or if your cardiovascular risk is sufficiently high.


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