Q. What are the symptoms of abdominal cystic lymphangioma?

Doctor Answer is medically reviewed by SecondMedic medical review team.

Answered by Seconmedic Expert

Abdominal cystic lymphangioma is a rare benign (non-cancerous) tumor that forms in the lymphatic system, often found in the abdominal region. This condition typically presents with a variety of symptoms, which can vary depending on the size, location, and extent of the cystic lymphangioma. Some common symptoms include:

Abdominal Pain: Pain or discomfort in the abdominal area is a frequent symptom. The pain might be mild to moderate and could be intermittent or persistent.

Abdominal Swelling or Mass: A visible or palpable lump or mass in the abdomen may be present. This swelling is often soft and can sometimes be mistaken for a hernia or other abdominal growth.

Fullness and Bloating: Patients might experience a sensation of fullness or bloating due to the mass pressing on surrounding organs or structures.

Nausea and Vomiting: If the cystic lymphangioma compresses the stomach or intestines, it can lead to nausea and vomiting.

Digestive Issues: Depending on its location, the cystic lymphangioma could disrupt the normal functioning of nearby organs, causing symptoms such as indigestion, reflux, or changes in bowel habits.

Breathing Difficulties: In cases where the cystic lymphangioma grows large enough, it might press against the diaphragm or lungs, leading to breathing difficulties or respiratory distress.

Pain with Movement: The presence of the tumor can sometimes cause discomfort or pain when moving, especially if it rubs against adjacent structures.

Infection: Cystic lymphangiomas can become infected, leading to symptoms such as fever, increased pain, redness, and warmth at the site of the tumor.

Fluid Leakage: As the name suggests, lymphangiomas are filled with lymphatic fluid. If the cyst ruptures or leaks, it can cause fluid accumulation in the abdomen, a condition known as ascites.

It's important to note that the symptoms can vary widely from person to person and may overlap with other medical conditions. Since abdominal cystic lymphangiomas are rare, they may not be immediately considered when evaluating symptoms. If you or someone you know is experiencing persistent abdominal symptoms, especially if they are accompanied by any of the above indicators, it's essential to seek medical attention. A medical professional can conduct a thorough evaluation, which might include imaging tests like ultrasound, CT scans, or MRI, to diagnose the condition accurately.

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